Ligand binding to receptor proteins functions in signal transduction.

cell-surface receptors

Receptors on cell-surfaces participate in intercellular signaling by transducing conformational change, which is induced in the receptor upon ligand-binding, into intracellular signaling and altered biophysiological activity. Thousands of receptors of varying specificity for activating ligands participate in the fine-tuned network of signaling cascades that is essential for biological functioning.

This bewildering array of receptors is variably classified according to ligand, receptor, or pathway and includes the largest protein family known (GPCRs).

Broadly, surface receptors responsive to hormones are divided into indirect-enzymatic metabotropic receptors and direct-ion channel, ionotropic receptors.

Labels: , , , , , ,

... receiving visitors since 12/21/06